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Non-state actors in education – 2021 GEM Report Online Consultation

Few topics in comparative and international education generate heated debates like the issue of the public versus private role in education. While everyone wants to achieve the goal of providing quality education for all, who delivers it, who is engaged, and how they are engaged is a subject of much consternation.

The 2021 version of the Global Education Monitoring Report will tackle this topic head on – to monitor the situation, inform and advance research and provide policy recommendations.

Among its objectives is to broaden the conversation on the many ways in which non-state actors are involved in education systems – providing education (private, NGO, faith-based or community schooling); providing ancillary services (school meals, technology, conducting assessments, supplementary tutoring); influencing education system functioning and financing (equity implications; influence over national policies; additional resource mobilization prospects); and the state role in the process (regulatory frameworks, accountability mechanisms).

In addition, the Report will reflect on the most recent developments in the non-state actors’ landscape. As global corporations or philanthropic foundations increase their interest in what and how education is delivered, their influence and prominence in the global education community as well as in their dealings with countries creates new challenges and opportunities for public-private interactions. Similarly, as governments grapple with providing early childhood education for all in the SDG era, many public-private arrangements are likely being developed or expanded.

These topics and more will be analysed to come up with evidence-based policy recommendations for all actors in education to protect the provision of an inclusive, quality education for all and to help achieve SDG 4.

Please read the concept note in English (Coming soon in: Français / Español / Русский / 中文 / العربية) and contribute to this online consultation.

Post your contributions as comments (below) to this blog, providing web links to research reports, policy papers, evaluations, and other documents or datasets that you think would be useful for the Report team.

If you would rather email your comments, or have attachments of documents or data that you would like to share with the GEM Report team, please send them directly to with ‘2021 Report Consultation’ as a subject heading.

You are welcome to post your contributions in any of the 6 United Nations languages (English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Russian or Chinese).